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Census 2022: TV production revenues bounce back to near pre-Covid levels

The latest edition of our annual TV Production Census has revealed that revenues have nearly returned to pre-Covid levels, growing by 13 per cent in 2021 to £3.251 bn, only £79 million below pre-Covid revenues in 2019.

Despite Covid-19 still having an impact on life in 2021, innovations by the sector, as well as the Government’s Production Restart Scheme meant that production was able to return to near full capacity. Recovery was also bolstered by the resumption of many productions delayed from 2020.

The 2022 Pact Census shows that domestic TV revenues increased significantly in 2021 with commissions from UK broadcasters the main driving force of the recovery, reaching £2.196 bn, a 30 per cent increase year-on-year and the first time such revenues have reached over £2bn.

PSB spend on indie producers grew by 24 per cent and multichannel spend – largely driven by Sky – nearly doubled with an increase of 99 per cent. Increased competition from international streamers, as well as Covid-related production backlogs have driven these increases as broadcasters looked to bolster their portfolio of original programming.

Conversely, the Census found that international revenues fell for the second year in a row to £952 million with the impact of Covid-19 still affecting primary international commissions and several big shows coming to an end. However, revenue from international sales of finished programming grew strongly, increasing by 10 per cent year-on-year as the UK was able to get back into production quicker than most other countries and UK shows were bought in to fill empty schedules.

Although international digital commissioning (e.g. Netflix and Amazon) revenues shrunk by £57m in 2021, UK digital commissioning revenue (e.g. BBC iPlayer, All 4 etc) increased significantly by 191%. The recovery was largely driven by increased revenues for the larger producers – who were hardest hit in 2020 – with 44 per cent of total revenues achieved by producers with a turnover of over £70m, and 2021 also saw more producers moving into this £70m+ bracket, a result of continued consolidation and high-value commissions.

Drama re-claimed its place as the most valuable genre, having suffered in 2020 due to Covid-19, it accounted for 35 per cent of all UK spend, with Entertainment (28 per cent) and Factual Entertainment (20 per cent) also accounting for a large proportion of spend.

In 2021, London’s share of production budgets fell below 50 per cent for the first time, with 51 per cent of all UK production budgets now being spent in the Nations and Regions (47 per cent in 2020). While the majority of productions from the Nations and Regions continued to be commissioned by the PSBs, non-PSBs – such as Sky – increased their share of programming produced outside of London to 17 per cent, up from 5 per cent in 2020.

Download the Census:

Pact TV Production Census 2022


Pact Census 2022 – Nations & Regions Annex


It’s encouraging to see that the production sector has made such a strong recovery following the pandemic, but clearly Covid-related challenges still remain, including a lack of viable insurance options for producers.

Although international revenue has some way to bounce back, UK indies still pumped close to £1 billion into the UK economy and the ability for the UK to get back into production quickly contributed to its strong recovery.

Pact CEO John McVay

Key stats...

Picture of a profit arrow going up, with the words: 13% REVENUE GROWTH: TV production revenues bounced back to near pre-Covid levels, growing by 13 per cent in 2021 to 3.251bn. Illustrated image of a TV and remote control on red background with the words: Domestic TV revenues topped £2bn for the first time ever in 2021, with commissions from UK broadcasters the main driver Illustrated map of the UK on a red background with the words: In 2021 51% of all UK production budgets were spent in the Nations & Regions. Illustrated image of a laptop with 191% written in large on the screen. In 2021, revenue from UK digital commissioning (e.g. BBC iPlayter, All 4 etc) increased by 191% An arrow travelling from left to right in an upward trajectory on a red background, with the words: In 2021 PSB spend on indies grew by 24%, multichannel spend on indies grew by 99% Red background, white writing: The top three programme genres as a percentage of UK spend in 2021 were: 35% Drama, 28% Entertainment, 20% Factual Ent. Repeated illustrated images of the globe on a red background with the words: International revenues still have some way to bounce back following Covid: £952M in 2021, compared to £1.25bn in 2019. Simple illustrated images of planes on a red background with the words: In 2021 international sales of finished programmes grew by 10%.